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Authors: Paul A. Zoch

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Ancient Rome: An Introductory History

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title
:
Ancient Rome : An Introductory History
author
:
Zoch, Paul A.
publisher
:
University of Oklahoma Press
isbn10 | asin
:
0806130938
print isbn13
:
9780806130934
ebook isbn13
:
9780806170350
language
:
English
subject
 
Rome--History.
publication date
:
1998
lcc
:
DG210.Z63 1998eb
ddc
:
937
subject
:
Rome--History.
Page iii
Ancient Rome
An Introductory History
Paul A. Zoch
UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS
NORMAN
 
Page iv
Published with the assistance of the National Endowment for the Humanities, a federal agency which supports the study of such fields as history, philosophy, literature, and language.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Zoch, Paul A. (Paul Allen), 1962-
Ancient Rome: an introductory history / Paul A. Zoch.
p.      cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-8061-3053-9 (hardcover : alk. paper)
1. RomeHistory. I. Title.
DG210.Z63 1998
937dc21                                          98-12881
                                                            CIP
The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources, Inc.
Copyright ©1998 by the University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Publishing Division of the University. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the U.S.A.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
 
Page v
Contents
List of Illustrations
vii
List of Maps
ix
Preface
xi
Acknowledgments
xiii
1. A Linguistic Introduction
3
2. Rome's Origins according to the Ancients
6
3. Romulus and Remus Found Rome
9
4. Kings after Romulus
15
5. Tarquin's Coup d'État and the End of the Monarchy
27
6. The Res Publica: "Senatus Populusque Romanus"
32
7. Traitors and Heroes of the Early Republic
40
8. Class Conflict in Rome
50
9. Coriolanus, Cincinnatus, and Camillus
58
10. The Gauls Sack Rome
67
11. The Wars with the Samnites
76
12. King Pyrrhus' Pyrrhic Victories
86
13. The First Punic War
94
14. The Second Punic War
100
15. Rome Encounters the East
117
 
Page vi
16. The Gracchi: The Beginning of the End of the Res Publica
141
17. The War against Jugurtha and the Rise of Marius
149
18. The Italian Wars and the Career of Sulla
155
19. The Rise of Pompey
165
20. The First Triumvirate
175
21. Civil War
191
22. Renewed Civil War and the Rise of Octavian
211
23. The Roman Empire: The Principate
227
24. The Julio-Claudian Emperors
240
25. The Flavian Emperors
259
26. The Culmination of the Pax Romana
265
Afterword: The Disintegration of the Empire
281
Bibliography
285
Index
289
 
Page vii
Illustrations
Family tree of Indo-European languages
2
She-wolf from the Capitol
10
Cloelia leading the children across the Tiber
45
Remains of the Temple of Castor and Pollux
48
Veturia scolding Coriolanus
60
-61
The Dying Gaul, from Pergamon
70
Julius Caesar
205
Coin issued after the assassination of Caesar
212
Augustus
229
Pantheon
234
Interior of the Pantheon
235
Pont du Gard, near Nîmes, France
236
Colosseum
261
Trajan's Column
268
Portrait of a woman, second century A.D.
273
Household objects, fifth century A.D.
274
Temple of Antoninus Pius and Faustina
275
Arch of Septimius Severus
282
 
Page ix
Maps
Roman Italy
90
The Hellenistic kingdoms, 185 B.C.
118
Roman Empire at the death of Augustus, A.D. 14
232
 
Page xi
Preface
In my first year of teaching high-school Latin, I gave my second-year students a bonus question on a translation test: "For three points, identify when the Roman Empire was at its height." I decided to accept any answer from 100
B.C.
to
A.D.
200. The answers were distressing: one senior, a good but not great student, answered 3000
B.C.
Only three students out of the class of twenty-two received the three points. The students giggled at their own ignorance of basic history. I realized that if even second-year Latin students do not know such basic information, few other high-school students doand I must confess that when I was in high school, I was not much better off. Such was the genesis of this book.
Ancient Rome: An Introductory History cannot
hope to compete in the quality and depth of its scholarship with the excellent histories written by world-renowned scholars such as Cary, Scullard, Mommsen, and Grant, by all those involved in the massive
Cambridge Ancient History
, and by others. However, by the inclusion of stories, legends, and myths from original sources, it does offer high-school students and general readers greater accessibility to the factual history of ancient Rome, for it seeks to entertain at the same time as to inform. This book presents a traditional, chronological history of ancient Rome, illustrating the major and minor themes, events, and personalities through generous selections of Latin literature and other original sources in English translation. Readers will learn about Roman history from Aeneas through Marcus Aurelius, meeting along the way such characters and personalities as Tarquinius Superbus, Lucretia,

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