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Authors: Dr. Edward Woods,Rudy Coppieters

A Workbook to Communicative Grammar of English

BOOK: A Workbook to Communicative Grammar of English
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The Communicative Grammar of English Workbook

The Communicative Grammar of English Workbook

Edward Woods and Rudy Coppieters

First published 2002 by Pearson Education Limited

Published 2013 by Routledge

2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN

711 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA

Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business

Copyright © 2002, Taylor & Francis.

The rights of Edward Woods and Rudy Coppieters to be identified as Authors of this Work has been asserted by them in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

Notices

Knowledge and best practice in this field are constantly changing. As new research and experience broaden our understanding, changes in research methods, professional practices, or medical treatment may become necessary.

Practitioners and researchers must always rely on their own experience and knowledge in evaluating and using any information, methods, compounds, or experiments described herein. In using such information or methods they should be mindful of their own safety and the safety of others, including parties for whom they have a professional responsibility.

To the fullest extent of the law, neither the Publisher nor the authors, contributors, or editors, assume any liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions, or ideas contained in the material herein.

ISBN 13: 978-0-582-38181-0 (pbk)

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

A CIP catalogue record for this book can be obtained from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

A CIP catalog record for this book can be obtained from the Library of Congress

Typeset in 9/12pt Stone serif by Graphicraft Limited, Hong Kong

Contents

Acknowledgements

Introduction

UNIT ONE: SPOKEN AND WRITTEN ENGLISH

1.1.      Informal spoken English

Sections
17–19

1.2.      Cooperation in conversation

Sections
21–23

1.3.      Tag questions and ellipsis

Sections
24–25
; 245; 384; 684

1.4.      Coordination

Section
26

1.5.      Finite clauses in spoken English

Section
27
; 360–374

1.6.      Stress

Sections
33–35
; 633; 743–745

1.7.      Nucleus and tone units

Sections
36–37

1.8.      Tones

Sections
38–42

UNIT TWO: EMOTION

2.1.      Emotive emphasis in speech 1

Sections
298–301
; 528

2.2.      Emotive emphasis in speech 2

Sections
302–305
; 417

2.3.      Describing emotions 1

Sections
306–308
; 499

2.4.      Describing emotions 2

Sections
309–318
; 722–723

UNIT THREE: STRUCTURE

3.1.      Clauses

Sections
486–495
; 151; 170; 198; 202–204; 207; 211; 499; 573–577; 588; 613; 686; 718; 724; 727; 737; 739

3.2.      Combinations of verbs

Section
739
; 735–737

UNIT FOUR: DETERMINERS

4.1.      Count and non-count nouns

Sections
57–69
; 510; 597–601

4.2.      Amount and quantity

Sections
70–81
; 675–680; 697–699

4.3.      The use of the article

Sections
82–90
; 448; 475; 579; 597; 641; 747

4.4.      Other words of definite meaning

Sections
91–101
; 521; 619; 667

4.5.      Expressions using ‘
of
’ and the genitive

Sections
102–107
; 530–535

UNIT FIVE: TIME, TENSE AND ASPECT

5.1.      Auxiliary verbs

Sections
477–478
; 582; 735

5.2.      The auxiliary verbs
do, have
and
be

Sections
479–482
; 736

5.3.      The modal auxiliaries

Sections
483–485
; 736

5.4.      Meanings and forms

Sections
113–115
; 573–578; 740–741

5.5.      Present time

Sections
116–121

5.6.      Past time 1

Sections
122–127
; 550–572

5.7.      Past time 2

Sections
128–131

5.8.      The progressive aspect

Sections
132–139

5.9.      Future time 1

Sections
140–146

5.10.    Future time 2

Sections
147–148

5.11.    Summary

Sections
149–150

UNIT SIX: ADJECTIVES

6.1.      Adjectives

Sections
440–444

6.2.      Adjective or adverb?

Sections
445–447

6.3.      Adjectives as heads

Section
448
; 90; 579–580

6.4.      Adjective patterns

Sections
436–438

6.5.      Adjective patterns with a
to
-infinitive

Section
439

UNIT SEVEN: ADVERBS, ADVERBIALS AND PREPOSITIONS

7.1.      Adverbs

Sections
464–469

7.2.      Adverbials – Introduction

Sections
449–452

7.3.      Time–when 1

Sections
151–155
; 455–456

7.4.      Time–when 2

Sections
156–160

7.5.      Duration

Sections
161–165
; 457

7.6.      Frequency

Sections
166–169
; 458

7.7.      Place, direction and distance

Section
170
; 454

7.8.      Prepositions of place

Sections
171–178

7.9.      Overlap between types of prepositions

Sections
179–183

7.10.    Various positions

Sections
184–186

7.11.    Motion

Sections
187–189

7.12.    Space and motion

Sections
190–192

7.13.    Distance

Section
193

7.14.    Manner, means and instrument

Sections
194–197
; 453

7.15.    Prepositions (general)

Sections
657–660

7.16.    Two or more adverbials

Section
460

7.17.    Degree

Section
215
; 459

7.18.    Gradable words and degree 1

Sections
216–218

7.19.    Gradable words and degree 2

Sections
219–221

7.20.    Other aspects of degree adverbs

Sections
222–223

7.21.    Role, standard and point of view

Section
224

7.22.    Sentence adverbials

Sections
461–463

UNIT EIGHT: CLAUSE TYPES

8.1.      Cause, result, purpose and reason

Sections
198–206
; 323; 365; 613–615

8.2.      Concession and contrast

Sections
211–212
; 361; 462

UNIT NINE: LINKING

9.1.      Linking signals

Sections
351–359
; 238; 470–472

9.2.      ‘General purpose’ links

Sections
371–374
; 110–111; 493–494; 686–694

9.3.      Cross-reference to noun phrases and substitutes for a noun phrase

Sections
375–382
; 510; 529; 597–601; 619–622; 675–680

9.4.      Substitutes for structures containing a verb

Sections
383–385
; 479; 482

9.5.      Substitutes for
wh
-clauses and
to
-infinitive clauses

Sections
387–389
; 94; 99; 376

9.6.      Omission with non-finite and verbless clauses

Sections
392–394
; 493–494

UNIT TEN: CONDITIONS

10.1.    Open and hypothetical conditions

Sections
207–210
; 275; 366–367

10.2.    Other ways of expressing hypothetical meaning

Sections
277–278

10.3.    Condition and contrast

Sections
213–214
; 368

UNIT ELEVEN: COMPARISON

11.1.    Comparison 1

Section
227
; 500–504

11.2.    Comparison 2

Sections
225–226
; 505–507

11.3.    Comparison 3

Sections
228–229 & 233

11.4.    Comparison 4

Sections
230–232

UNIT TWELVE: ADDITION, EXCEPTION AND RESTRICTION

12.1.    Addition

Sections
234–235

12.2.    Exception

Section
236

12.3.    Restriction

Sections
237–238

UNIT THIRTEEN: INFORMATION, REALITY AND BELIEF

13.1.    Questions and answers 1

Sections
240–242
; 536–541; 609–612; 681–683

13.2.    Questions and answers 2

Sections
243–244

13.3.    Questions and answers 3

Sections
245–248
; 612; 684

13.4.    Responses

Sections
249–252
; 22–23

13.5.    Omission of information

Sections
253–255

13.6.    Reported statements

Sections
256–258

13.7.    Indirect questions

Sections
259–260
; 681

13.8.    Denial and affirmation 1

Sections
261–262
; 581–585; 610–611; 697–699

13.9.    Denial and affirmation 2

Section
263
; 586–587

13.10.  Denial and affirmation 3

Sections
264–269
; 611–612

UNIT FOURTEEN: MODIFYING

14.1.    Restrictive and non-restrictive meaning

Sections
110–112

14.2.    Post-modifiers

Sections
641–649
; 70; 106; 110; 128; 132; 151; 170; 194; 198; 392; 443; 470; 531; 589; 593; 596; 654; 686–687; 728; 740

14.3.    Pre-modifiers

Sections
650–653
; 440; 459; 522

14.4.    Relative clauses

Sections
685–694
; 110–111; 371–372; 461; 595; 659; 747

14.5.    Apposition

Sections
470–472
; 397; 589; 593; 646

BOOK: A Workbook to Communicative Grammar of English
10.17Mb size Format: txt, pdf, ePub
ads

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