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Authors: Raymond C. Kerns

Above the Thunder

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ABOVE THE THUNDER

ABOVE
–THE–
THUNDER

Reminiscences of a Field Artillery Pilot in World War II

Raymond C. Kerns

The Kent State University Press
Kent, Ohio

 

 

© 2009 by The Kent State University Press, Kent, Ohio 44242

All rights reserved

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 2008040098

ISBN 978-0-87338-980-8

Manufactured in the United States of America

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Kerns, Raymond C., 1921–2008.

Above the thunder: reminiscences of a field artillery pilot in World War II/

Raymond C. Kerns.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN
978-0-87338-980-8 (hardcover : alk. paper)∞

1. Kerns, Raymond C., 1921–2008. 2. World War, 1914–1918—Aerial operations, American. 3. United States. Army—Aviation. 4. World War, 1939–1945—Campaigns—Pacific Area. 5. World War, 1939–1945—Artillery operations, American. 6. World War, 1939–1945—Personal narratives, American. 7. Air pilots, Military—United States—Biography. I. Title.

D
790.2.
K
47 2009

940.54'4973092—dc22

[B]

2008040098

British Library Cataloging-in-Publication data are available.

13  12  11  10  09   5  4  3  2  1

 

This book is dedicated to Dorie, my wife
and my inspiration for every good thing I've done
since I met her on 25 June 1940.
And to our children, Carol and Noel,
and our grandson, Grant Raymond Kerns.
And to my parents.

 

 

Thunder across the land!
Thunder! We take our stand.
Thunder! And we are the ones
Who watch above the thunder of the guns.

—R
AYMOND
C. K
ERNS
,
“Watch above the Thunder”
(A Song for Army Aviation)

CONTENTS

Illustrations

A Note on the Language

Preface and Acknowledgments

Introduction: The Heroic Liaison Pilots of World War II and the Amazing Piper Cub L-4
   
by Tom Baker

Prologue

1   The Pineapple Soldier

2   Ninety-Day Wonders and Fair-Haired Boys

3   Kauai to Fortification Point

4   Tornado Task Force

5   Luzon: Lingayen to the Hills

6   Over the Hills to Baguio

7   Sashaying Around Up North

Epilogue

Appendix: History and Specifications of the J-3 Piper Cub
   
by Tom Baker

Notes
   
by Tom Baker

Further Reading

Index

ILLUSTRATIONS

U.S. Army Liaison Pilot Wings

Liaison pilot Capt. Donald A. Baker

The Brodie system of landing liaison planes

The author, 1941

Aerial view of Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

Privates Leo Eppes and Allison Murphy

Capt. W. D. “Doug” Baker, Col. William W. Dick, and Col. John Ferris

Privates Carl Bunn and Bill Williamson

Ralph Park, Burnis Williamson, and Maurice “Pappy” Downs

Sal Crupi, Ralph Park, Billy Mulherin, and “Pappy” Downs

The author copying Morse code

The author at Isenberg Field, Hawaii

Map, Finschhafen to Fortification Point, New Guinea, May 1944

122d Field Artillery Air Section planes and ground crew

Don Vineyard, the author, Wendell Young, Kennis Allen, and Eddie Janes

Aerial view of Foe Maoe Plantation entrance, New Guinea

Aerial view of the Mount Haako area, New Guinea

Lieutenants Francis E. Peebles, John L. Durant, and Raymond R. Utke

Author's sketch of Maffin Bay area, New Guinea

Map, Damortis-Rosario to Baguio, Luzon, Philippines, February–April, 1945

Aerial view of mountainous terrain, Luzon, Philippines

The author beside his L-4

The author receiving an Air Medal from Maj. Gen. Percy W. Clarkson

Map, 33d Division operations on Luzon, Philippines

Map, 33d Division objectives in the battle for Baguio, Philippines

Machine gunners on Hill 24-A, Baguio, Philippines

Aerial view of war-shattered Baguio, Philippines

Pilot's view of Loacan Field, Baguio, Philippines

The author and his wife, Dorothy, 1952

Cemetery at Santa Barbara, Luzon, Philippines

Piper J-3 Cub/Army L-4

A NOTE ON THE LANGUAGE

 

 

 

This book faithfully records a time in American history when certain terms were commonly used that may now seem offensive. Words like “Jap” and “Nip” were soldier shorthand for Japanese and Nipponese, and also came into widespread use among civilians.

Racial epithets were used in the highly charged atmosphere of the war, and no doubt there were some who intended these “shorthand” terms as insults, but it will become evident to the reader that Raymond C. Kerns was not among them. He deeply respected all mankind, including the “enemy,” and for him, these terms carried no hint of racism.

We are very proud that in this book about war, the author's great love for humanity shines through.

The Family of Raymond C. Kerns

PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

If you're looking for macho, fighting-man talk, you've picked up the wrong book. As you may guess when looking at my photos, I'm not that kind of fellow. And you won't find lurid romance or exaggerated dramatization of fairly ordinary events—I hope. Not that I don't like drama, I just can't write it.

This is just an honest narration of some of my experiences, observations, thoughts, and acquaintances during my service in the U.S. Army between 1940 and 1945, during first years of what became a new branch of the Army: Army Aviation.

If I'm not a very remarkable fellow, why do I bother writing my story? Well, while I was not the first, I was among the earliest pilots in the Army Ground Forces organic air observation program that began in 1942, proved itself of great value on the battlefields of World War II, and eventually evolved to the highly sophisticated combat and logistical element that it is today. Few of my contemporaries have written their personal experiences, so not many people know what we really did to earn our pay. Therefore, I think that I, who probably was a fairly typical Army pilot, can and should help give the public some idea of what it was like. Besides, I enjoy telling my little stories.

I was born in 1921 on a small tobacco farm in Nicholas County, Kentucky. We were very poor people, and times were hard all over when I was growing up. My parents divorced when I was eleven, and I dropped out of school before completing the ninth grade. After working on various farms and in two or three futureless small-town jobs, I enlisted in the Army on 6 September 1940 for duty with the 8th Field Artillery at Schofield Barracks, Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, where I arrived in December. A year later, I was there as a radio operator when the Japanese attack opened our full participation in World War II. That's where this book begins.

It was Lew LeGrand who tracked down former members of the 89th and brought them together into an informal organization called the 89th Field Artillery Battalion Association. My wife, Dorie, and I attended its annual reunions in the late eighties and through most of the nineties, and I served as publisher of
Thunder,
the association's newsletter. It was good to be in contact with these old friends, and I am deeply grateful for their kindness and friendship. In many cases, they helped make it possible for me to recall and record the experiences in this book.

My recollection of events, names, and dates was often refreshed by reference to Sanford Winston's
The Golden Cross,
a history of the 33d Infantry Division in World War II. Rafael Steinberg's
Return to the Philippines
provided some background information on Russell Volckmann.

Don Vineyard of Mansfield, Missouri, my partner in the 122d Field Artillery Battalion, read and critiqued the manuscript for this book and prompted my memory of some adventures we shared. Floyd Erickson of Pleasant Hill, California, was a former flying friend whose own L-4 exploits would put mine to shame if he had ever written them down. Floyd put me in touch with Tom Baker of Tijeras, New Mexico, a flying son of Don Baker, another old artillery pilot. Tom read and critiqued my manuscript as well, then put the whole thing in order and submitted it for publication. It would never have seen the light of day without Tom's personal dedication over a period of several years.

I'm also grateful to Tom for writing the introduction to this book, which establishes some historical context. At this writing, Tom and I have never even met face to face, yet I count him among my clos est friends.

—Introduction—
THE HEROIC LIAISON PILOTS OF WORLD WAR II AND THE AMAZING PIPER CUB L-41

TOM BAKER

Lt. Col. Raymond R. Kerns has written here what I believe to be one of the finest memoirs to come out of World War II. He witnessed and participated in some extraordinary events, including the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and he has the writing skills to bring them to life for us. One of the historians who reviewed the manuscript for the publisher said it would make a good movie, and I said it before he did.

Raymond Kerns was a young enlisted man in the Army before the start of the war, stationed in Hawaii, and when the Japanese attacked Pear Harbor on 7 December 1941, he was at Schofield Barracks and fired back at the attacking aircraft with an automatic rifle that he hastily grabbed from his barracks arms room, and thus began his eventful participation in the conflict. Later in the war, as an artillery liaison pilot, he was involved in many more exploits that he vividly recounts for us in this book, as U.S. forces battled the Japanese Imperial Army back across the Pacific, dislodging it from New Guinea and the Philippines as they hammered their way ever closer to its homeland.

Kerns has given his fellow Americans a rare gift in this book, one that will be increasingly valued as future generations study that greatest of all armed conflicts in the history of mankind, which is over sixty years gone already and fast receding into history. There is a little something here for everybody: students of human nature, warfare, aviation, World War II buffs, and even (in its descriptions of native Pacific islanders) anthropologists. Like all good books, it will mean something different to everyone who reads it. For me, it brings to life all those young men whom the war took away from the farms, offices, schools, and factories of America and sent to fight in distant parts of the world, places with strange names most of them had never even heard of, some to die there, and some whose bones, like those of big John Durant and his comrades (see
chapter 4
), lie there still.

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