Authors: James A. Michener
The Pittsburgh Press
“James Michener has amassed a peerless reputation as the heralded dean of the historical tomeâ¦.
is a book that envelops the reader in an atmosphere of hazardous escapades.”
“Michener paints a vivid picture of the greed, deception, wild-eyed and irrational behavior of those stampeding to instant wealthâ¦.The pictures and sounds of the Canadian wilderness at its most beautiful and its most terrifying will put the reader in awe of the majesty of nature. The poetry included in the book will give the reader an appreciation for British verse in a setting packed with the imminence of death.”
The Grand Rapids Press
is an intimate look at the lives of five misplaced adventurersâ¦.A fine addition to both the Michener library and to the lore on the Klondike gold rush.”
The Indianapolis News
“An outstanding tale by a brilliant storyteller.”
Wichita Falls Times Record-News
“Epic in its portrayal of men facing adversity and their reactions, for good or evil, to their predicament. This slim volume stands strongly on its own.”
âKing Features Syndicate
“Michener's fine novel is at least the equal of anything that Jack London wrote about the frozen North.”
âCopley News Service
“Unforgettableâ¦Michener is back on the scene with another of his choice historical novelsâ¦.An adventure into the brutally cold gold rush country but also a journey into the souls of menâ¦Solid, thorough, authoritativeâ¦Michener scores again.”
is a work of historical fiction. Apart from the well-known actual people, events, and locales that figure in the narrative, all names, characters, places, and incidents are the products of the author's imagination or are used fictitiously. Any resemblance to current events or locales, or to living persons, is entirely coincidental.
2015 Dial Press eBook Edition
Copyright Â© 1988, 1989 by James A. Michener
copyright Â© 1959 and copyright renewed 1987 by James A. Michener
Cartography copyright Â© 1989 by Jean Paul Tremblay
Introduction copyright Â© 2015 by Steve Berry
All rights reserved.
Published in the United States by The Dial Press, an imprint of Random House, a division of Penguin Random House LLC, New York.
and the H
colophon are registered trademarks of Penguin Random House LLC.
Originally published in hardcover in the United States by Random House, an imprint and division of Penguin Random House LLC, in 1989.
eBook design adapted from printed book design by Carole Lowenstein
Cover design: Pete Garceau
Cover image: Getty Images/Thinkstock
I grew up in the 1960s, a time when the extent of reading material for kids was, to say the least, limited. R. L. Stine, J. K. Rowling, Suzanne Collins, and so many others had yet to come along. In fact, what we now know as the young adult genre had yet to be invented. Back then, at least for me, it was Hardy Boys and Nancy Drew. A limited selection, but what gems those tales wereâeach loaded with action, adventure, secrets, and conspiracies. Wondrous stories to fuel young imaginations. I devoured them.
Then one day when I was sixteen years old, a friend handed me a dog-eared paperback copy of
by James Michener. Its thousand pages immediately intimidated me, as did the small print. I'd never seen so much information packed into one book. The opening sentence alone contained thirty-six wordsâmonstrous in comparison to the prose of Franklin W. Dixon.
But what a sentence:
Millions upon millions of years ago, when the continents were already formed and the principal features of the earth had been decided, there existed, then as now, one aspect of the world that dwarfed all others
I kept reading.
What unfolded was a saga spanning many centuries that described how a tiny group of islands in the Pacific Ocean were formed by nature and then settled by man. The epic involved Polynesians, Chinese, Japanese, Europeans, and Americans. Its massive chapters, hundreds of pages long, featured one expansive episode after anotherâeach intertwinedâforming a chronicle that defined both the land and its culture. I read it cover to cover. Then I found more books by this guy Michener and read every one. Eventually, I started collecting them, and now, more than forty years later, I own a first edition of each, save oneâ
Tales of the South Pacific
. That book is
hard to find. Only a few thousand were printed and, if by some miracle one of those 1947 first editions can be found, the price is through the roof. I keep every one of my Michener books prominently displayed, wrapped in plastic. I see them every day. They are a source of pride and comfort. Today, I write modern-day thrillers in which history plays a central role. Without question, the seed for that technique was planted the day I discovered
James Michener led an incredible life. Born in 1907, he was orphaned but was soon adopted by a woman named Mabel Michener, who was already raising two other children. Some of his biographers have hypothesized that he was actually Mabel's natural son, the adoption story used to protect both of their reputations. No one knows the truth, and as an adult Michener refused to comment on the subject.
By the time he turned ten, the family had moved to Bucks County, Pennsylvania. They were poor, barely able to put food on the table. His classmates, and even a teacher or two, tormented Michener about the secondhand clothes and toeless sneakers he wore every day. Later in life he recounted that taunting with a sly smile and a twinkle in his eye. He would say that those early years instilled in him an appreciation for life that he never forgot. They taught him about living simply and not attaching too much value to material things. And though he eventually earned hundreds of millions of dollars from writing, he always feared ending up poor.
Before he'd even reached twenty years of age, Michener had traveled across the country in boxcars, by thumbing rides, or simply by walking. He worked in carnival shows and other odd jobs, and he visited all but three states. Of that time, he wrote in his 1991 autobiography,
The World Is My Home
, “Those were years of wonder and enchantment. Some of the best years I would know. I kept meeting American citizens of all levels who took me into their cars, their confidence and often their homes.” He would also say that those wandering years spurred inside him an insatiable curiosity about people, cultures, and faraway lands.
In 1925 he entered Swarthmore College, a prestigious Quaker institution, on a four-year scholarship, graduating with highest honors. He attended graduate school in Scotland, then returned home and taught at a school in Bucks County. He eventually ended up in New York City, editing textbooks at Macmillan Publishing.
World War II changed everything. At age forty Michener enlisted
in the navy, where he discovered the enchanting South Pacific. He earned the rank of lieutenant commander and was made a naval historian, assigned to investigate cultural problems on the various islands. A near-fatal crash landing in French New Caledonia altered the course of his life. He wrote in his autobiography, “As the stars came out and I could see the low mountains I had escaped, I swore: âI'm going to live the rest of my life as if I were a great man.' And despite the terrible braggadocio of those words, I understood precisely what I meant.”
That brush with death also made him realize what every soldier was experiencing during the war, and that one day, when the danger had passed, people might want to recall those things. So each night he began writing down observations, recording comments, describing people and places. Fifty years later, in 1991, he said:
Sitting there in the darkness, illuminated only by the flickering lamplight, I visualized the aviation scenes in which I had participated, the landing beaches I'd seen, the remote outposts, the exquisite islands with bending palms, and especially the valiant people I'd known: the French planters, the Australian coast watchers, the Navy nurses, the Tonkinese laborers, the ordinary sailors and soldiers who were doing the work, and the primitive natives to whose jungle fastnesses I had traveled.
All of that became
Tales of the South Pacific
The story of how that first manuscript made it to print is typical Michenerâan unexpected combination of skill, determination, and luck. Using a pseudonym, he submitted the work to Macmillan, the publisher he'd worked for before enlisting. He omitted his name because he knew the company had a strict policy against publishing anything by an employee. Once the war was over he definitely intended to return to work there, but at the time of the submission he was technically a naval officer and not an employee. So the company bought the book, which was published in 1947. One year later
Tales of the South Pacific
won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction.
Michener changed publishers in 1949, moving to Random House, where he stayed for the rest of his life. More books followedâ
The Fires of Spring, Return to Paradise, The Bridges at Toko-Ri
. Also in 1949 he moved to Honolulu and soon began work on his most ambitious project to date. Four years of research and three years of writing were needed to produce
. Its epic scope,
length, and breadth proved to be the stamp of Michener's trademark style, one he would master over the next forty years. Legend has it that he finished
on March 18, 1959, the day Congress voted to accept the islands as the fiftieth state.
In 1962 Michener ran for Congress as a liberal Democrat but lost. Then, in 1968, he worked as secretary of the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention. Outer space was a lifelong interest, and he served on NASA's advisory council, an experience that led to his novel
Honors were something Michener shied away from, but in 1977 Gerald Ford bestowed upon him the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian award. Eventually, he wrote nearly fifty books, including five on Japanese art. His work has been translated into multiple languages, and there are more than 75 million copies of his books in print. These latest editions, being rereleased with new covers, will only add to that already staggering inventory.
A myth associated with Michener speaks of his cadre of researchers, used to gather the enormous amount of historical detail included in each of his epics. The reality was quite different. Most of the work was accomplished with the help of only three secretaries. He was a disciplined writer, establishing a routine early in his career and maintaining it his entire life. An early riser, he would go straight to work, where he wrote using a manual typewriter. He then had a light breakfast, maybe a meeting or two, and went back to work until around one
. Evenings were a time to be by himself. In the final year of his life, at age ninety, he still kept to his daily routine, except he spent three days a week at a renal treatment center, undergoing kidney dialysis.
The treatment proved painful in a multitude of ways, perhaps the most difficult being that it prevented him from straying far from home. The man who'd visited nearly every country could no longer travel. He told an interviewer at the time, “I sit in the TV room and see shows on the big ships I used to travel or areas that I used to wander, and a tear comes to my eye. It's not easy.”
And that explains his deathâhe simply decided there would be no more dialysis. Instead, he welcomed the end.
Michener died on October 16, 1997.
I recall the day vividly. A segment on the evening news reported that he was gone. A sadness came over me, as if I'd lost a close friendâwhich, in a sense, I had.
In preparation for writing this introduction, I reviewed many articles written just after Michener passed. Most came from folks who'd had some personal contact with him through the yearsâan experience that had clearly stuck in their memory. All of them recounted what happened as if they had been in the presence of a king or head of state. It seemed a privilege to have spent just a little time with James Michener.
And that legacy lives on.
Though he was known to be fanatically frugal, he gave away more than $100 million. Recipients of his generosity included libraries, museums, and universities. He donated $30 million to the University of Texas for the establishment of a creative writing program. Several million more went to the creation of the James A. Michener Art Museum in Pennsylvania. One wing of that building was named for his third wife, Mari Sabusawa Michener, who died before him, in 1994.
He never really liked talking about himself, and he could frustrate interviewers. “Famous is a word I never use,” he would say. “I'm well known. I've written thirty or forty books. I've done a great deal. I let it go at that.” He was extremely generous with his autograph, so much so that he once noted, “The most valuable books are those that aren't signed.”
Of my own collection, only one bears his signature.
To the frequently asked question, “Which book are you most proud of?” he would just smile and say, “The one I'm working on next.”
By no means was he perfect. He could be a difficult man to know. He wasn't the type to start conversations with strangers, and he detested small talk. He had few close friends, and those who counted themselves in that number knew to tread lightly. He could be abrupt, even rude, and quite aloof. After his death we learned that he utilized collaborators on some of the big books, a fact he refused to acknowledge in life. He was married three times and at one point maintained a mistress. He was a multimillionaire, yet he would constantly fret about not having enough money to pay his bills. And though he was an orphan himself and a co-founder of an adoption agency, in the 1950s he gave up his claim to an adopted child when he divorced his second wife.
All of which shows that he was human.
But still, what a remarkable man.
Michener possessed an incomparable ability to simultaneously
enthrall, entertain, and inform. Nobody else could write a two-hundred-word sentence with such grace and style. And he chose his subjects with great care: the South Pacific (
Tales of the South Pacific, Return to Paradise
), Judaism (
), South Africa (
), the West Indies (
), the American West (
), the Chesapeake Bay (
, Spain (
, the Far East.
Like millions of other readers, I loved them all.
I never met James Michener. I would have loved to tell him how he sparked the imagination of a sixteen-year-old boy, which led first to a lifelong love of reading, then to a career as a writer. When, in 1990, I decided to write my first novel, it was Michener who influenced me most. By the end of that decade, though, changes had firmly begun to take hold. Today you won't encounter many two-hundred-word sentences or millennia-long sagas involving hundreds of characters. Instead, in the twenty-first century, story, prose, and purpose are expected to be tight. In the Internet ageâwith video games, twenty-four-hour news, streaming movies, you name itâthere is just little time for thousand-page epics. Toward the end of his life Michener gave an interview in which he doubted he would have ever been published if he'd first started in that environment.
Thank goodness he came along when he did.
Now his stories can live forever.