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Quilts: Their Story and How to Make Them

BOOK: Quilts: Their Story and How to Make Them
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Title: Quilts

Their Story and How to Make Them

Author: Marie D. Webster

Release Date: February 24, 2008 [eBook #24682]

Language: English

Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK QUILTS***

 

E-text prepared by Audrey Longhurst, Sam W.,
and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team
(http://www.pgdp.net)

 

 

 

QUILTS
THEIR STORY AND HOW
TO MAKE THEM

BY

MARIE D. WEBSTER

ILLUSTRATED

Garden City
 
New York
DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY
1916

INDIANA WREATH

Made in 1858. Colours: red, green, yellow, and pink

Copyright, 1915, by
Doubleday, Page & Company

All rights reserved, including that of
translation into foreign languages,
including the Scandinavian

CONTENTS
CHAPTER
PAGE
 
Introduction
xv
I.
Patchwork in Antiquity
3
II.
Patchwork and Quilting During the Middle Ages
16
III.
Patchwork and Quilting in Old England
34
IV.
The Quilt in America
60
V.
How Quilts Are Made
89
VI.
Quilt Names
115
VII.
Quilt Collections and Exhibitions
133
VIII.
The Quilt’s Place in American Life
149
 
List of Quilt Names, Arranged Alphabetically
169
 
List of References
177
LIST OF COLOUR PLATES
Indiana Wreath
Frontispiece
 
FACING PAGE
*The Bedtime Quilt
24
The Iris Design
40
Morning Glories
56
Daisy Quilt
72
*Poppy Design
86
*The Sunflower Quilt
102
“Pink Rose” Design
120
*The “Wind-blown Tulip” Design
134
Golden Butterflies and Pansies
140
The “Snowflake” Quilt Design
146
*The Dogwood Quilt
150
The Wild Rose
156
*Morning Glory
160
*“Keepsake Quilt”
164

* Made by Marie Webster.

LIST OF BLACK AND WHITE ILLUSTRATIONS
 
FACING PAGE
Section of Funeral Tent of an Egyptian Queen, Made in a Patchwork of Coloured Goatskins
4
Old English Appliqué
5
Fifth Century Appliqué
6
Armenian Patchwork: St. George and the Dragon
7
Persian Quilted Linen Bath Carpet: Seventeenth Century
10
Old English Hanging with Appliqué Figures
11
Modern Egyptian Patchwork: Four Cushion Covers
12
Modern Egyptian Patchwork: Panels for Screens
13
Modern Egyptian Patchwork: Panels for Wall Decoration
16
Double Nine Patch
17
Pieced Baskets
20
Bedroom, Cochran Residence, Deerfield, Mass.
21
Jacob’s Ladder
28
Conventional Tulip
29
Old German Appliqué, Metropolitan Museum, New York
32
Double X
33
Puss-in-the-Corner
34
Tea Leaves
35
Feather Star
38
Drunkard’s Path
39
Star of the East
42
White Quilt with Tufted Border, Metropolitan Museum, New York
43
Sunburst and Wheel of Fortune
46
Tree of Paradise
47
Old Bed and Trundle Bed
48
Two White Tufted Bedspreads
49
Tufted Bedspread with Knotted Fringe
52
Unknown Star
53
Combination Rose
54
Double Tulip
55
Princess Feathers
58
Princess Feathers with Border
59
Peonies
60
North Carolina Lily
61
Feather Star with Appliqué
64
Tulip Tree Leaves
65
Mexican Rose
66
Currants and Cockscomb
67
Conventional Appliqué
70
Single Tulip
71
Ohio Rose
74
Rose of Sharon
75
Original Floral Designs
78
Conventional Tulip
79
Conventional Rose
80
Conventional Rose Wreath
81
Poinsettia
84
Whig Rose
85
Harrison Rose
92
Detail of Harrison Rose, Showing Quilting
93
Original Rose Design
96
Pineapple Design
97
Virginia Rose
100
Rose of LeMoine
101
Charter Oak
108
Puffed Quilt of Silk
109
Variegated Hexagon, Silk
112
Roman Stripe, Silk
113
American Log Cabin, Silk and Wool
116
Democrat Rose
117
Original Rose No. 3
124
White Quilt, Stuffed Designs
125
White Quilt
128
Old Ladies Quilting
129
Quilts on a Line
136
*Grapes
137

* Made by Marie Webster.

ILLUSTRATIONS IN TEXT
QUILTING DESIGNS
 
PAGE
Single Diagonal Lines
93
Double Diagonal Lines
93
Triple Diagonal Lines
93
Diamonds
99
Hanging Diamonds
99
Broken Plaid
99
Rope
104
Shell
104
Fan
104
Feathers in Bands
105
Feathers in Waved Lines
105
Feathers in Circles
105
Three Original Quilting Designs from Old Quilts
108
Design from an Old English Quilt
112
Medallion Design
112
Pineapple
112
INTRODUCTION

Although
the quilt is one of the most familiar and necessary articles in our households, its story is yet to be told. In spite of its universal use and intimate connection with our lives, its past is a mystery which—at the most—can be only partially unravelled.

The quilt has a tradition of long centuries of slow but certain progress. Its story is replete with incidents of love and daring, of sordid pilferings and generous sacrifices. It has figured in many a thrilling episode. The same type of handiwork that has sheltered the simple peasant from wintry blasts has adorned the great halls of doughty warriors and noble kings. Humble maids, austere nuns, grand dames, and stately queens; all have shared in the fascination of the quilter’s art and have contributed to its advancement. Cottage, convent, and castle; all have been enriched, at one time or another, by the splendours of patchwork and the pleasures of its making.

In its suitability for manufacture within the home, the quilt possesses a peculiar merit. Although exposed for a full century to the competition of machinery, under the depressing influence of which most of the fireside crafts have all but vanished, the making of quilts as a home industry has never languished. Its hold on the affections of womankind has never been stronger than it is to-day. As a homemaker, the quilt is a most capable tool lying ready at the hand of every woman. The selection of design, the care in piecing, the patience in quilting; all make for feminine contentment and domestic happiness.

There are more quilts being made at the present time—in the great cities as well as in the rural communities—than ever before, and their construction as a household occupation—and recreation—is steadily increasing in popularity. This should be a source of much satisfaction to all patriotic Americans who believe that the true source of our nation’s strength lies in keeping the family hearth flame bright.

As known to-day, the quilt is the result of combining two kinds of needlework, both of very ancient origin, but widely different in character.
Patchwork—the art of piecing together fabrics of various kinds and colours or laying patches of one kind upon another, is a development of the primitive desire for adornment. Quilting—the method of fastening together layers of cloths in such a manner as to secure firmly the loose materials uniformly spread between them, has resulted from the need of adequate protection against rigorous climates. The piecing and patching provide the maker with a suitable field for the display of artistic ability, while the quilting calls for particular skill in handling the needle. The fusing of these two kinds of needlework into a harmonious combination is a task that requires great patience and calls for talent of no mean order.

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