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Authors: Robert Trivers

The Folly of Fools

BOOK: The Folly of Fools
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Contents

 

 

Title Page

Dedication

Preface

 

CHAPTER 1 - The Evolutionary Logic of Self-Deception

THE EVOLUTION OF SELF-DECEPTION
DECEPTION IS EVERYWHERE
WHAT IS SELF-DECEPTION?
DETECTING DECEPTION IN HUMANS VIA COGNITIVE LOAD
SELF-DECEPTION IS OLDER THAN LANGUAGE
NINE CATEGORIES OF SELF-DECEPTION
THE HALLMARKS OF SELF-DECEPTION

 

CHAPTER 2 - Deception in Nature

THE COEVOLUTIONARY STRUGGLE BETWEEN DECEIVER AND DECEIVED
FREQUENCY-DEPENDENT SELECTION IN BUTTERFLIES
AN EPIC COEVOLUTIONARY STRUGGLE
INTELLIGENCE AND DECEPTION
FEMALE MIMICS
FALSE ALARM CALLS
CAMOUFLAGE
DEATH AND NEAR-DEATH ACTS
RANDOMNESS AS A STRATEGY
DECEPTION MAY INDUCE ANGER
ANIMALS MAY BE CONSCIOUS OF DECEPTION
DECEPTION AS AN EVOLUTIONARY GAME
A DEEPER THEORY OF DECEPTION

 

CHAPTER 3 - Neurophysiology and Levels of Imposed Self-Deception

THE NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF CONSCIOUS KNOWLEDGE
THE NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF THOUGHT SUPPRESSION
THE IRONY OF TRYING TO SUPPRESS ONE’S THOUGHTS
IMPROVING DECEPTION THROUGH NEURAL INHIBITION
UNCONSCIOUS SELF-RECOGNITION SHOWS SELF-DECEPTION
CAN ONE HALF OF THE BRAIN HIDE FROM THE OTHER?
IMPOSED SELF-DECEPTION
IMPLICIT VERSUS EXPLICIT SELF-ESTEEM
FALSE CONFESSIONS, TORTURE, AND FLATTERY
FALSE MEMORIES OF CHILD ABUSE
IS SELF-DECEPTION THE PSYCHE ’S IMMUNE SYSTEM?
THE PLACEBO EFFECT

 

CHAPTER 4 - Self-Deception in the Family—and the Split Self

PARENT/OFFSPRING CONFLICT
CASES OF EXTREME ABUSE
GENOMIC IMPRINTING
INTERNAL CONFLICT FROM OPPOSITELY IMPRINTED GENES
PARENTAL MANIPULATION AND IMPRINTING
THE EFFECT OF MARITAL CONFLICT ON GENETIC CONFLICT
IMPRINTING AND SELF-DECEPTION
DECEPTION IN CHILDREN
PARENTAL EFFECTS ON CHILDREN ’S DECEPTION

 

CHAPTER 5 - Deceit, Self-Deception, and Sex

WHY SEX?
TWO SEXES—TWO COEVOLVING SPECIES
DECEPTION AND SELF-DECEPTION AT COURTSHIP
WHOSE BABY IS IT?
MALE RESPONSE TO FEMALE INFIDELITY
DECEIT AND A WOMAN ’S MONTHLY CYCLE
MEN’S SELF-DECEIT ABOUT FEMALE INTEREST
MALE DENIAL OF HOMOSEXUAL TENDENCIES
IS SELF-DECEPTION GOOD OR BAD FOR MARRIAGE?
THE APPEAL AND DANGER OF FANTASY
THE PAIN OF BETRAYAL

 

CHAPTER 6 - The Immunology of Self-Deception

THE IMMUNE SYSTEM IS EXPENSIVE
THE IMPORTANCE OF SLEEP
TRADE-OFFS WITH IMMUNITY
WRITING ABOUT TRAUMA IMPROVES IMMUNE FUNCTION
HOMOSEXUALITY AND THE EFFECTS OF DENIAL
POSITIVE AFFECT AND IMMUNE FUNCTION
THE EFFECTS OF MUSIC
POSITIVITY IN OLD AGE
AN IMMUNOLOGICAL THEORY OF HAPPINESS

 

CHAPTER 7 - The Psychology of Self-Deception

AVOIDING SOME INFORMATION AND SEEKING OUT OTHER
BIASED ENCODING AND INTERPRETATION OF INFORMATION
BIASED MEMORY
RATIONALIZATION AND BIASED REPORTING
PREDICTING FUTURE FEELINGS
ARE ALL BIASES DUE TO SELF-DECEPTION?
DENIAL AND PROJECTION
DENIAL IS SELF-REINFORCING
YOUR AGGRESSION, MY SELF-DEFENSE
COGNITIVE DISSONANCE AND SELF-JUSTIFICATION
SOCIAL EFFECTS OF COGNITIVE DISSONANCE REDUCTION
COGNITIVE DISSONANCE IN MONKEYS AND YOUNG CHILDREN

 

CHAPTER 8 - Self-Deception in Everyday Life

SEX DIFFERENCES IN OVERCONFIDENCE
METAPHORS IN THE STOCK MARKET
MANIPULATIVE METAPHORS IN LIFE
THE NAME-LETTER EFFECT
DECEIVING DOWN AND DUMMYING UP
FACE-ISM
SPAM AGAINST ANTI-SPAM
HUMOR, LAUGHTER, AND SELF-DECEPTION
DRUGS AND SELF-DECEPTION
VULNERABILITY TO MANIPULATION BY OTHERS
PROFESSIONAL CON ARTISTS
LIE-DETECTOR TESTS

 

CHAPTER 9 - Self-Deception in Aviation and Space Disasters

AIR FLORIDA FLIGHT 90—DOOMED BY SELF-DECEPTION?
DISASTER 37,000 FEET ABOVE THE AMAZON
ELDAR TAKES COMMAND—AEROFLOT FLIGHT 593
SIMPLE PILOT ERROR—OR PILOT FATIGUE?
ICE OVERPOWERS THE PILOTS; AIRLINES OVERPOWER THE FAA
THE US APPROACH TO SAFETY HELPS CAUSE 9/11
THE CHALLENGER DISASTER
THE COLUMBIA DISASTER
EGYPT AND EGYPTAIR DENY ALL
SAVED BY LACK OF SELF-DECEPTION?

 

CHAPTER 10 - False Historical Narratives

THE US FALSE HISTORICAL NARRATIVE
CONTROL THROUGH SMALL WARS AND INSTALLED PROXIES
US HISTORY TEXTBOOKS
LARGER VIEW OF US HISTORY
THE REWRITING OF JAPANESE HISTORY
TURKEY’S HOLOCAUST DENIAL
A LAND WITHOUT PEOPLE FOR A PEOPLE WITHOUT LAND
THE FOUNDING OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL
VOLUNTARY FLIGHT OR ETHNIC CLEANSING?
ARAB DECEIT AND SELF-DECEPTION
CHRISTIAN ZIONISM
WHY FALSE HISTORICAL NARRATIVES?

 

CHAPTER 11 - Self-Deception and War

CHIMPANZEE RAIDING → HUMAN WARFARE
SELF-DECEPTION ENCOURAGES WARFARE
DEROGATION OF OTHERS → FATAL OVERCONFIDENCE
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