Authors: John A. Flanagan
Also by John Flanagan
Book 1: The Outcasts
Book 2: The Invaders
Book 3: The Hunters
Book 4: Slaves of Socorro
Book 5: Scorpion Mountain
THE RANGER'S APPRENTICE EPIC
Book 1: The Ruins of Gorlan
Book 2: The Burning Bridge
Book 3: The Icebound Land
Book 4: The Battle for Skandia
Book 5: The Sorcerer of the North
Book 6: The Siege of Macindaw
Book 7: Erak's Ransom
Book 8: The Kings of Clonmel
Book 9: Halt's Peril
Book 10: The Emperor of Nihon-Ja
Book 11: The Lost Stories
Book 12: The Royal Ranger
RANGER'S APPRENTICE: THE EARLY YEARS
The Tournament at Gorlan
an imprint of Penguin Random House LLC
375 Hudson Street, New York, NY 10014
Copyright Â© 2016 by John Flanagan. First published in Australia by Random House Australia in 2016.
Map copyright Â© by Mathematics and Anna Warren.
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eBook ISBN 9780698174597
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available upon request.
U.S. edition edited by Michael Green.
This is a work of fiction. Names, characters, places, and incidents either are the product of the author's imagination or are used fictitiously, and any resemblance to actual persons, living or dead, businesses, companies, events, or locales is entirely coincidental.
A Few Sailing Terms Explained
ecause this book involves sailing ships, I thought it might be useful to explain a few of the nautical terms found in the story.
Be reassured that I haven't gone overboard (to keep up the nautical allusion) with technical details in the book, and even if you're not familiar with sailing, I'm sure you'll understand what's going on. But a certain amount of sailing terminology is necessary for the story to feel realistic.
So, here we go, in no particular order:
The front of the ship, also called the prow.
The rear of the ship.
The left and the right side of the ship, as you're facing the bow. In fact, I'm probably incorrect in using the term
. The early term for port was
, but I thought we'd all get confused if I used that.
is a corruption of “steering board” (or steering side). The steering oar was always placed on the right-hand side of the ship at the stern.
Consequently, when a ship came into port, it would moor with the left side against the jetty, to avoid damage to the steering oar. One theory says the word derived from the ship's being in portâleft side to the jetty. I suspect, however, that it might have come from the fact that the entry port, by which crew and passengers boarded, was also always on the left side.
How do you remember which side is which? Easy.
both have four letters.
Toward the bow.
Toward the stern.
A sail plan in which the sail is in line with the hull of the ship.
The body of the ship.
The spine of the ship.
The upright timber piece at the bow, joining the two sides together.
The lowest point of the bow, where the keel and the stem of the ship meet.
The blade used to control the ship's direction, mounted on the starboard side of the ship, at the stern.
The handle for the steering oar.
A method of slowing a ship's downwind drift, often by use of a canvas
âa long, conical tube of canvas closed at one end and held open at the otherâor two spars lashed together in a cross. The sea anchor is streamed from the bow and the resultant drag slows the ship's movement through the water.
A spar (wooden pole) that is hoisted up the mast, carrying the sail.
The top of the mast.
The part of the ship's side above the deck.
Drain holes in the bulwarks set at deck level to allow water that comes on board to drain away.
Wooden pins used to fasten rope.
Pegs set on either side of an oar to keep it in place while rowing.
A pennant that indicates the wind's direction.
To tack is to change direction from one side to the other, passing through the eye of the wind.
If the wind is from the north and you want to sail northeast, you would perform one tack so that you are heading northeast, and you would continue to sail on that tack for as long as you need.
However, if the wind is from the north and you want to sail due north, you would have to do so in a series of short tacks, going back and forth on a zigzag course, crossing through the wind each time, and slowly making ground to the north. This is a process known as
into the wind.
When a ship tacks, it turns
the wind to change direction. When it wears, it turns
from the wind, traveling in a much larger arc, with the wind in the sail, driving the ship around throughout the maneuver. Wearing was a safer way of changing direction for wolfships than beating into the wind.
When the wind is from the side of the ship, the ship is sailing on a reach, or reaching.
When the wind is from the stern, the ship is running. (So would you if the wind was strong enough at your back.)
To gather in part of the sail and bundle it against the yardarm to reduce the sail area. This is done in high winds to protect the sail and the mast.
To adjust the sail to the most efficient angle.
A rope used to haul the yard up the mast. (Haul-yard, get it?)
A heavy rope that supports the mast. The
are heavy ropes running from the top of the mast to the stern and the bow (it's pretty obvious which is which).
Many people think these are sails, which is a logical assumption. But in fact, they're ropes. Shrouds are thick ropes that run from the top of the mast to the side of the ship, supporting the mast. Sheets are the ropes used to control, or trim, the sailâto haul it in and out according to the wind strength and direction. In an emergency, the order might be given to “let fly the sheets!” The sheets would be released, letting the sail loose and bringing the ship to a halt. (If
were to let fly the sheets, you'd probably fall out of bed.)
Heavy rope used to moor a ship.
The motion of the ship. If a ship is under way, it is moving according to its course. If it is making leeway, the ship is moving downwind so it loses ground or goes off course.
The downwind side of a ship, opposite to the direction of the wind.
A shoreline downwind of the ship, with the wind blowing the ship toward the shoreâa dangerous situation for a sailing ship.
To row a reverse stroke.
So, now that you know all you need to know about sailing terms, welcome aboard the world of the Brotherband Chronicles!