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Authors: Tim Jeal

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Explorers of the Nile: The Triumph and Tragedy of a Great Victorian Adventure

BOOK: Explorers of the Nile: The Triumph and Tragedy of a Great Victorian Adventure
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Explorers of the Nile

by the same author

NON-FICTION
Livingstone
Baden-Powell
Stanley
Swimming with my Father

FICTION
Somewhere Beyond Reproach
Cushing’s Crusade
The Missionary’s Wife
Deep Water

Explorers of the Nile

The Triumph and Tragedy of a
Great Victorian Adventure

TIM JEAL

 

Yale
UNIVERSITY PRESS

New Haven & London

 

First published 2011 in the United States by Yale University Press and in Great Britain by Faber and Faber Limited.

Copyright © 2011 by Tim Jeal.

All rights reserved.
This book may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including illustrations, in any form (beyond that copying permitted by Sections 107 and 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law and except by reviewers for the public press), without written permission from the publishers.

Yale University Press books may be purchased in quantity for educational, business, or promotional use.
For information, please e-mail [email protected] (U.S. office) or [email protected] (U.K. office).

Typeset by Donald Sommerville.
Printed in the United States of America.

Library of Congress Control Number: 2011933872 ISBN 978-0-300-14935-7 (hardcover : alk. paper)
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

This paper meets the requirements of ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (Permanence of Paper).

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

To my daughters,
Jessica, Lucy and Emily

Contents

Illustrations
Plates
Maps
Introduction
PART I
Solving the Mystery

 

1 Blood in God’s River
2 A Great Misalliance
3 A Rush of Men Like a Stormy Wind
4 About a Rotten Person
5 Everything Was to be Risked for This Prize
6 Promises and Lies
7 A Blackguard Business
8 Our Adventurous Friend
9 As Refulgent as the Sun
10 An Arrow into the Heart
11 Nothing Could Surpass It!
12 The Nile is Settled
13 A Hero’s Aberrations
14 Death in the Afternoon
15 The Doctor’s Dilemma
16 The Glory of Our Prize
17 A Trumpet Blown Loudly
18 Almost in Sight of the End
19 Never to Give Up the Search Until I Find Livingstone
20 The Doctor’s Obedient and Devoted Servitor
21 Threshing Out the Beaten Straw
22 Nothing Earthly Will Make Me Give Up My Work
23 Where Will You Be? Dead or Still Seeking the Nile?
24 The Unknown Half of Africa Lies Before Me
PART 2
The Consequences

 

25 Shepherds of the World?
26 Creating Equatoria
27 An Unheard of Deed of Blood
28 Pretensions on the Congo
29 An Arabian Princess and a German Battle Squadron
30 ‘Saving’ Emin Pasha and Uganda
31 The Prime Minister’s Protectorate
32 To Die for the Mahdi’s Cause
33 Equatoria and the Tragedy of Southern Sudan
34 A Sin not Theirs: The Tragedy of Northern Uganda
CODA
Lacking the Wand of an Enchanter

 

APPENDIX
Fifty Years of Books on the Search for the Nile’s Source

 

Acknowledgements
Sources
Notes
Index

List of Illustrations

An Arab-Swahili slave trader murders a sick slave, an engraving in
The Last Journals of David Livingstone in Central Africa
edited by Horace Waller
Massacre of the Manyema women in Nyangwe, an engraving in
The Last Journals
‘A large spear . . . stuck firmly into the soil’, an engraving in
The Last Journals
Speke’s escape from his captors, the frontispiece of Speke’s
What Led to the Discovery of the Source of the Nile
Naval vessels at Zanzibar, an engraving in Stanley’s
How I Found Livingstone in Central Africa
[HIFL]
Sidi Mubarak Bombay, a photograph at the Royal Geographical Society
Burton’s drawings of the heads of Africans, in his
The Lake Regions of Central Africa
The Ladies’ Smoking Party, an engraving in
Lake Regions
Kazeh, an engraving in
Lake Regions
African village scenes, in Speke’s
Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile [Journal]
Sir Roderick Murchison.
National Portrait Gallery, London
John Blackwood, frontispiece of
Annals of a Publishing House
(Vol. III
John Blackwood),
ed. Mrs Gerald Porter (1898)
Captain James Grant, in Harry Johnston’s
The Nile Quest
(1903)
Speke and Grant present Rumanika with a rhinoceros’ head, an engraving in Speke’s
Journal
The road to the
kabaka
’s palace, an engraving in J. W. Harrison’s
The Story of the Life of Mackay of Uganda
Mutesa’s musicians, in Speke’s
Journal
Kahala and other young Baganda women, an engraving in Speke’s
Journal
Royal wife led to execution, an engraving in Speke’s
Journal,
based on a drawing by James Grant
The Ripon Falls, an engraving in Speke’s
Journal
Grant and Speke at Kamrasi’s court, an engraving in Speke’s
Journal
Grant and Speke entertained by Florence and Baker, an engraving in the Baker family collection
John and Katherine Petherick, an engraving used as the frontispiece to the Pethericks’
Travels in Central Africa
Grant and Speke acclaimed at the RGS, illustration in the
Illustrated London News
14 July 1863
Murchison Falls, an engraving in Samuel Baker’s
The Albert Nyanza
John Shaw and William Farquhar, an engraving in Stanley’s
HIFL
The meeting of Stanley and Livingstone, an engraving in
HIFL
Livingstone sitting with Stanley outside his
tembe
in Ujiji, an engraving in
HIFL
Stanley and Livingstone at the mouth of the Rusizi, an engraving in
HIFL
John Kirk, a photograph in Richard Hall’s
Stanley: An Adventurer Explored
Livingstone travelling through marshes, an engraving in
The Last Journals
Alice Pike, a photograph in Richard Hall’s
Stanley: An Adventurer Explored
The Pocock brothers, an illustration in
The Exploration Diaries of H. M. Stanley,
ed. Richard Stanley and Alan Neame
Stanley’s reception on Bumbireh, an engraving in Stanley’s
Through the Dark Continent
Tippu Tip, an engraving in Stanley’s
In Darkest Africa
Death of Kalulu, an engraving in Stanley’s
Through the Dark Continent
Livingstone’s remains carried through Southampton, as seen in the
Illustrated London News
25 April 1874
Baker Pasha, an engraving of a photograph in the Baker family collection
Raising the flag at Gondokoro, an engraving in Baker’s
Ismailia
Kabarega’s return visit to Baker, an engraving in Baker’s
Ismailia
The ‘Battle of Masindi’, an engraving in Baker’s
Ismailia
The retreat to Fatiko, an engraving in Baker’s
Ismailia
Alexander Mackay, frontispiece of J. W. Harrison’s
The Story of the Life of Mackay of Uganda
Muhammad Ahmad, the Mahdi
King Leopold II of Belgium, a photograph in the Royal Museum of Central Africa
De Brazza welcomed at Makoko’s court, from
L’Illustration
8 July 1882
SMS
Adler
in 1889.
Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, US Naval History and Heritage Command
Emin Pasha, an engraving from a photograph in Stanley’s
In Darkest Africa
Steamship on the Upper Congo, an engraving in Stanley’s
The Congo and the Founding of its Free State
Lieutenant Stairs hit by an arrow, an engraving in
In Darkest Africa
Lord Salisbury
BOOK: Explorers of the Nile: The Triumph and Tragedy of a Great Victorian Adventure
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