The Journey to the West, Revised Edition, Volume 2

BOOK: The Journey to the West, Revised Edition, Volume 2
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Anthony
C. Yu
is the Carl Darling Buck Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in the Humanities and Professor Emeritus of Religion and Literature in the Divinity School; also in the Departments of Comparative Literature, East Asian Languages and Civilizations, and English Language and Literature, and the Committee on Social Thought. His scholarly work focuses on comparative study of both literary and religious traditions.

Publication of this volume was made possible by a grant from the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange (USA).

The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 60637

The University of Chicago Press, Ltd., London

© 2012 by The University of Chicago

All rights reserved. Published 2012.

Printed in the United States of America

21  20  19  18  17  16  15  14  13  12        1  2  3  4  5

ISBN
-13: 978-0-226-97133-9 (cloth)

ISBN
-13: 978-0-226-97134-6 (paper)

ISBN
-13: 978-0-226-97141-4 (e-book)

ISBN
-10: 0-226-97133-3 (cloth)

ISBN
-10: 0-226-97134-1 (paper)

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Wu, Cheng'en, ca. 1500–ca. 1582, author.

[Xi you ji. English. 2012]

The journey to the West / translated and edited by Anthony C. Yu. — Revised edition.

pages ; cm

Summary: The story of Xuanzang, the monk who went from China to India in quest of Buddhist scriptures.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN
: 978-0-226-97131-5 (v. 1: cloth : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 0-226-97131-7 (v. 1.: cloth : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97132-2 (v. 1 : pbk. : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 0-226-97132-5 (v. 1 : pbk. : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97140-7 (v. 1 :e-book) (print) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97133-9 (v. 2: cloth : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 0-226-97133-3 (v. 2 : cloth : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97134-6 (v. 2 : paperback : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 0-226-97134-1 (v. 2 : paperback: alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97141-4 (v. 2 : e-book) (print) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97136-0 (v. 3: cloth : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 0-226-97136-8 (v. 3 : cloth : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97137-7 (v. 3 : paperback : alkaline paper) — ISBN: 0-226-97137-6 (v. 3 :paperback : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97142-1 (v. 3 : e-book) (print) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97138-4 (v. 4 : cloth : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 0-226-97138-4 (v. 4 : cloth : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97139-1 (v. 4 : paperback : alkaline paper) —
ISBN
: 978-0-226-97143-8 (v. 4 : e-book) 1. Xuanzang, ca. 596–664—Fiction. I. Yu, Anthony C., 1938–, translator, editor. II. Title.

PL2697.H75E5 2012

895.1'346—dc23

2012002836

This paper meets the requirements of
ANSI/NISO Z
39.48-1992 (Permanence of Paper).

REVISED
EDITION
Volume II

The Journey to the West

Translated and Edited by Anthony C. Yu

The University of Chicago Press
Chicago & London

FOR
Nathan and Charlotte Scott

Contents

Acknowledgments, Revised Edition

Acknowledgments, First Edition

Abbreviations

26.
Amid the Three Islands Sun Wukong seeks a cure;
With sweet dew Guanshiyin revives a tree.

27.
The cadaver demon three times mocks Tripitaka Tang;
The holy monk in spite banishes Handsome Monkey King.

28.
At Flower-Fruit Mountain a pack of fiends hold assembly;
At the Black Pine Forest Tripitaka meets demons.

29.
Free of his peril, River Float arrives at the kingdom;
Receiving favor, Eight
Rules invades the forest.

30.
A deviant demon
attacks the true Dharma;
The Horse of the Will recalls Mind Monkey.

31.
Zhu Eight Rules provokes
the Monkey King to chivalry;
Pilgrim Sun with wisdom defeats the monster.

32.
On Level-Top
Mountain the sentinel brings a message;
At Lotus-Flower Cave Wood Mother meets disaster.

33.
Heresy deludes the
True Nature;
Primal Spirit helps the Native Mind.

34.
The demon king’s plotting
entraps Mind Monkey;
The Great Sage, ever adroit, wangles the treasures.

35.
Heresy uses power to
oppress the proper Nature;
Mind Monkey, bagging treasures, conquers deviate demons.

36.
When Mind Monkey is
rectified, the nidānas cease;
Smash through the side door to view the bright moon.

37.
The ghost king visits Tripitaka
Tang at night;
Wukong, through wondrous transformation, leads the child.

38.
The child queries his
mother to learn of deviancy and truth;
Metal and Wood, reaching the deep, see the false and the real.

39.
One pellet of
cinnabar elixir found in Heaven;
A king, dead three years, lives again on Earth.

40.
The child’s playful transformations
confuse the Chan Mind;
Ape, Horse, Spatula gone, Wood Mother, too, is lost.

41.
Mind Monkey is defeated
by fire;
Wood Mother is captured by demons.

42.
The Great Sage diligently
calls at South Sea;
Guanyin with compassion binds the Red Boy.

43.
An evil demon at Black River
captures the monk;
The Western Ocean’s dragon prince catches the iguana.

44.
The dharma-body in primal cy
cle meets the force of the cart;
The mind, righting monstrous deviates, crosses the spine-ridge pass.

45.
At the Three Pure Ones Abbey
the Great Sage leaves his name;
At the Cart Slow Kingdom the Monkey King shows his power.

46.
Heresy flaunts its
strength to mock orthodoxy;
Mind Monkey in epiphany slays the deviates.

47.
The holy monk’s blocked
at night at Heaven-Reaching River;
Metal and Wood, in compassion, rescue little children.

48.
The demon, raising a cold
wind, sends a great snow fall;
The monk, intent on seeing Buddha, walks on layered ice.

49.
Tripitaka meets
disaster and sinks to a water home;
To bring salvation, Guanyin reveals a fish basket.

50.
Nature follows confused feelings
through lust and desire;
Faint spirit and moved mind meet a demon chief.

Notes

Index

Acknowledgments,
Revised Edition

My thanks are due to the Mellon Foundation for its continuing support through the extension in dispersal of fellowship fund for needed expenses. Dr. Yuan Zhou, Curator of the East Asian Collections in the library of the University of Chicago and his able staff have also been unfailing in their assistance. As I was preparing this volume, the sad news arrived on the death (in April 2010) of Professor D.C. Lau, a distinguished scholar of the Chinese University of Hong Kong known world-wide for his translations of the
Analects
, the
Mencius
, and the
Daodejing
. I owe him an incalculable debt for the genial friendship bestowed since our first meeting in 1975, the generous sharing of scholarly materials and knowledge, the gift of his late father’s private volume of Chinese lyrics that helped to foster and expand my own interest in the genre, and, over the years, the invaluable lessons (many of which involving specific linguistic problems related to
Journey to the West
) in the demanding art of translation. He was the kindest mentor whom this humble expression of gratitude and bereavement can never repay.

BOOK: The Journey to the West, Revised Edition, Volume 2
6.9Mb size Format: txt, pdf, ePub
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