The Tudors for Dummies (AvaxHome Download)

BOOK: The Tudors for Dummies (AvaxHome Download)
10.95Mb size Format: txt, pdf, ePub
ads
TM

g Easier! Making Everythin

The Tudors

Learn about: � Tudor life and times and how they

shaped the Britain of today

� Henry VIII and his unlucky wives

� The turbulent private and political life

of Elizabeth I

� The bloody battles, rampant diseases

and religious divides of the period

David Loades Historian and lecturer Mei Trow Historian and author Get More and Do More at Dummies.com �

Start with FREE Cheat Sheets

Cheat Sheets include

� Checklists

� Charts

� Common Instructions

� And Other Good Stuff!

To access the Cheat Sheet created specifically for this book, go to

www.dummies.com/cheatsheet/thetudorsuk

Get Smart at Dummies.com Dummies.com makes your life easier with 1,000s of answers on everything from removing wallpaper to using the latest version of Windows.

Check out our

� Videos

� Illustrated Articles

� Step-by-Step Instructions

Plus, each month you can win valuable prizes by entering our Dummies.com sweepstakes. *

Want a weekly dose of Dummies? Sign up for Newsletters on

� Digital Photography

� Microsoft Windows & Office

� Personal Finance & Investing

� Health & Wellness

� Computing, iPods & Cell Phones

� eBay

� Internet

� Food, Home & Garden

Find out "HOW" at Dummies.com *Sweepstakes not currently available in all countries; visit Dummies.com for official rules. The Tudors

FOR

DUMmIES

The Tudors

FOR

DUMmIES

by David Loades and Mei Trow

A John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, Publication The Tudors For Dummies� Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd The Atrium Southern Gate Chichester West Sussex PO19 8SQ England E-mail (for orders and customer service enquires): [email protected] Visit our Home Page on www.wiley.com Copyright � 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, England Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or trans- mitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or other- wise, except under the terms of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 or under the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, Saffron House, 6-10 Kirby Street, London EC1N 8TS, UK, without the permission in writing of the Publisher. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, England, or emailed to [email protected], or faxed to (44) 1243 770620. Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the Rest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies.com and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.

LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER, THE AUTHOR, AND ANYONE ELSE INVOLVED IN PREPARING THIS WORK MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFI- CALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PRO- MOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PRO- FESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULD BE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FURTHER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFORMATION THE ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEBSITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ.

For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at 877-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002. For technical support, please visit www.wiley.com/techsupport. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data: A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN: 978-0-470-68792-5 (paperback), 978-0-470-66457-5 (ebk), 978-0-470-66458-2 (ebk), 978-0-470-68804-5 (ebk) Printed and bound in Great Britain by Bell & Bain Ltd, Glasgow 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

About the Authors

Professor David Loades studied history at Cambridge, where he researched

under the great Professor Sir Geoffrey Elton, and spent his entire working

life teaching history at various universities including St Andrews, Durham

and North Wales. He is Professor Emeritus, University of Wales, and for the

duration of his directorship of the British Academy John Foxe Project, was

Research Professor at the University of Sheffield. He is currently a member

of the History Faculty of the University of Oxford, a Fellow of the Society of

Antiquaries and a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He has just completed

a book on Mary Tudor and is currently writing a biography of Henry VIII, as

well as a book on the mid-Tudor navy.

Mei Trow is an historian and criminologist who has written a number of

books on the more colourful personalities from history, such as Spartacus,

Vlad the Impaler, Boudicca, El Cid and Kit Marlowe. Mei is also a novelist

with two crime detective series to his credit and a third in development. He

regularly appears on the Discovery and History Channels as an expert and

presenter.

Authors' Acknowledgements

Writing a For Dummies book has been a very different experience from writ-

ing the many other books I have published, but whatever I write owes much

to my pupils during a lifetime of teaching. In this instance my first debt must

be to my wife, Judith, who has worked her way through each chapter.

I also thank Juliet Atkins, without whose technical skills the format would

have been impossible for me. My greatest debt is to the For Dummies team:

to Nicole Hermitage, who invited me to contribute to the series (and who

must often have had second thoughts!), and to Brian who made my work

more lucid. Finally, my greatest debt is to Steve Edwards who has taken this

book every step of the way and who has demonstrated the patience of Job in

seeing it through from start to finish!

� David Loades

My thanks as always to Carol, my wife, for all her hard work and technical

know-how in putting The Tudors For Dummies together. My thanks also to

Steve Edwards and his team, for their support and guidance.

� Mei Trow Publisher's Acknowledgements We're proud of this book; please send us your comments through our Dummies online registration form located at www.dummies.com/register/. Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following:

Commissioning, Editorial, and Composition Services Media Development Project Coordinator: Lynsey Stanford Project Editor: Steve Edwards Layout and Graphics: Carl Byers, Development Editor: Brian Kramer Joyce Haughey Commissioning Editor: Nicole Hermitage Proofreader: Rebecca Denoncour Assistant Editor: Ben Kemble Indexer: Claudia Bourbeau Copy Editor: Andy Finch Special Help Technical Editor: Dr Janet Dickinson Brand Reviewer: Jennifer Bingham

Proofreader: Charlie Wilson Production Manager: Daniel Mersey Cover Photos: � The Art Gallery Collection/

Alamy Cartoons: Rich Tennant

(www.the5thwave.com)

Publishing and Editorial for Consumer Dummies

Diane Graves Steele, Vice President and Publisher, Consumer Dummies

Kristin Ferguson-Wagstaffe, Product Development Director, Consumer Dummies

Ensley Eikenburg, Associate Publisher, Travel

Kelly Regan, Editorial Director, Travel Publishing for Technology Dummies

Andy Cummings, Vice President and Publisher, Dummies Technology/General User Composition Services

Debbie Stailey, Director of Composition Services

Contents at a Glance Introduction ................................................................ 1 Part I: Encountering the Early Tudors ............................ 7 Chapter 1: Touring the Time of the Tudors ................................................................... 9 Chapter 2: Starting a Dynasty: Henry VII ...................................................................... 29

Part II: Handling Henry VIII....................................... 53 Chapter 3: Being Bluff King Hal: Henry VIII ................................................................... 55 Chapter 4: Running the Kingdom, Henry's Way........................................................... 69 Chapter 5: Six Weddings and Two Funerals: Henry VIII's Wives and Girlfriends .... 83 Chapter 6: Building a New Church: Henry and Religion ........................................... 101

Part III: Remembering the Forgotten Tudors: Edward VI and Mary .............................................. 115 Chapter 7: Ruling from the Nursery: Edward VI and His Protectors....................... 117 Chapter 8: Encouraging Protestantism ....................................................................... 133 Chapter 9: Changing with the Times: Edward, John, Jane and Mary ...................... 149 Chapter 10: Returning to the Old Faith: Mary I .......................................................... 167 Chapter 11: Ending the Dream: The Last of Mary...................................................... 185

Part IV: Ending with Elizabeth .................................. 197 Chapter 12: Dancing with Elizabeth ............................................................................ 199 Chapter 13: Choosing the Middle Way between Protestants and Catholics .......... 215 Chapter 14: Gunning for Elizabeth ............................................................................... 233 Chapter 15: Facing the Armada .................................................................................... 251 Chapter 16: Ending an Era: 1590�1603 ........................................................................ 269

Part V: The Part of Tens ........................................... 281 Chapter 17: Ten Top Tudor People ............................................................................. 283 Chapter 18: Ten Things the Tudors Did for Us .......................................................... 297 Chapter 19: Ten Top Tudor Buildings ........................................................................ 305 Chapter 20: Ten Major Tudor Events .......................................................................... 313 Chapter 21: Ten Tudor Firsts ....................................................................................... 321

Index ...................................................................... 331

Table of Contents Introduction ................................................................. 1

About This Book .............................................................................................. 1

Conventions Used in This Book ..................................................................... 2

Foolish Assumptions ....................................................................................... 3

How This Book Is Organised .......................................................................... 3

Part I: Encountering the Early Tudors ................................................ 3

Part II: Handling Henry VIII ................................................................... 4

Part III: Remembering the Forgotten Tudors:

Edward VI and Mary .......................................................................... 4

Part IV: Ending with Elizabeth .............................................................. 4

Part V: The Part of Tens ........................................................................ 5

Icons Used in This Book ................................................................................. 5

Where to Go from Here ................................................................................... 6

Part I: Encountering the Early Tudors ............................. 7

Chapter 1: Touring the Time of the Tudors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Looking at the Tudor Kingdom .................................................................... 10

Getting to Know the Family .......................................................................... 10

Cruising the Royal Court .............................................................................. 12

Mingling with the monarch................................................................. 12

Breaking down the Court .................................................................... 13

Taking in Tudor Beliefs ................................................................................. 16

Seeing How the Masses Lived ...................................................................... 17

Following in father's footsteps ........................................................... 17

Visiting the average village ................................................................. 17

Chartering towns ................................................................................. 19

Paying the price ................................................................................... 19

Trading at home and overseas........................................................... 20

Building Dream Homes ................................................................................. 21

Tutoring the Tudors: Education .................................................................. 21

Dying in Tudor England ................................................................................ 22

Coping with Crime ........................................................................................ 23

Acting Up ........................................................................................................ 24

Pleasing the crowd .............................................................................. 25

Hum me a few bars: Tudor music ...................................................... 25

Strictly . . . Tudor style ........................................................................ 26

Suits You, Sir .................................................................................................. 26 xii The Tudors For Dummies

Chapter 2: Starting a Dynasty: Henry VII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

Becoming King ............................................................................................... 29

Escaping the fallout of the Wars of the Roses.................................. 29

Hanging out in France ......................................................................... 30

Securing the throne ............................................................................. 32

Bucking for the throne ........................................................................ 32

Angling for French support ................................................................ 33

Killing a king: Bosworth Field, 1485 ................................................... 34

Making a Fresh Start...................................................................................... 35

Reckoning Henry .................................................................................. 35

Reckoning England .............................................................................. 36

Removing everything to do with Richard . . . .................................. 37

Handing out the honours .................................................................... 37

Positioning Parliament ........................................................................ 37

Getting married .................................................................................... 39

Ruling the Kingdom ....................................................................................... 39

Choosing the right men ....................................................................... 40

Rousting the rebels: Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck ............ 40

Pursuing peace and prosperity .......................................................... 41

Figuring out finances ........................................................................... 48

Meeting Henry, the Human........................................................................... 49

Passing On at the Palace............................................................................... 50

Part II: Handling Henry VIII ....................................... 53

Chapter 3: Being Bluff King Hal: Henry VIII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55

Getting to Know Prince Henry ..................................................................... 55

Rocking round the cradle ................................................................... 55

Educating Henry: Tutors for Tudors ................................................. 56

Moving up after Arthur's death.......................................................... 57

Seeking Riches and Power ............................................................................ 57

Taking on the French........................................................................... 58

Fencing with Francis I.......................................................................... 59

Putting on a sideshow ......................................................................... 60

Fighting the French (again!)................................................................ 61

Making Politics Personal .............................................................................. 61

Playing Away from Home ............................................................................. 62

Playing away I � the other Boleyn girl ............................................... 63

Playing away II � Bessie Blount ......................................................... 63

Leading an Active Life: Henry's Hobbies .................................................... 63

Jousting for boys and men.................................................................. 64

A-hunting he would go ........................................................................ 64

I'll see your three castles and raise you! .......................................... 64

`Who but my lady greensleeves?' ...................................................... 65

Did you hear the one about . . . ? ....................................................... 66 Table of Contents xiii

Growing Old (Not So) Gracefully: The Ageing Henry VIII ......................... 66

Climb up on my knee, sonny boy! ...................................................... 67

Unwieldy lies the body that wears the crown.................................. 67

The king is dead � long live the king ................................................. 68

Chapter 4: Running the Kingdom, Henry's Way . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69

Managing Like a Monarch............................................................................. 69

Getting in your face ............................................................................. 69

Who calls the shots?............................................................................ 70

Trying to go it alone ............................................................................ 70

Meeting the King's Advisers ......................................................................... 72

Working with Wolsey........................................................................... 72

Carrying on with Cromwell ................................................................. 76

Telling Friend from Foe ................................................................................. 78

Offending Henry ................................................................................... 79

Meeting Henry's enemies .................................................................... 79

Selling the Image ............................................................................................ 81

Painting power ..................................................................................... 81

Reflecting greatness in buildings ....................................................... 82

Punching above his weight ................................................................. 82

Chapter 5: Six Weddings and Two Funerals: Henry VIII's Wives and Girlfriends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83

Courting Catherine of Aragon ...................................................................... 84

Joining Team Tudor............................................................................. 84

Striking a match ................................................................................... 85

Making babies, losing babies.............................................................. 85

Hitting the rocks .................................................................................. 86

Hedging his Bess .................................................................................. 87

Getting Heady with Anne Boleyn ................................................................. 87

Courting commotion .......................................................................... 87

Getting his own way � to hell ............................................................. 88

D�j� vu .................................................................................................. 89

Falling out of love: A losing game ...................................................... 90

Punishing Anne: Off with her head! .................................................. 90

Marrying Jane Seymour ................................................................................ 92

Plain Jane .............................................................................................. 92

It's a boy! ............................................................................................... 92

Taking leave: A dying shame .............................................................. 93

Tripping Up with Anne of Cleves ................................................................. 93

Making a big mistake ........................................................................... 94

Dealing with the fallout ....................................................................... 94

Getting another divorce ...................................................................... 95

Lusting After Catherine Howard .................................................................. 95

Falling for a temptress......................................................................... 95

Pushing the limits ................................................................................ 96

Reaching the end of the line ............................................................... 96 xiv The Tudors For Dummies

Slowing Down with Catherine Parr.............................................................. 97

Becoming available .............................................................................. 97

Growing up: Choosing a sensible wife............................................... 98

Anything for a quiet life....................................................................... 98

Administering angel ............................................................................. 98

Surviving Henry .................................................................................... 99

Chapter 6: Building a New Church: Henry and Religion. . . . . . . . . . .101

Looking at Henry's Beliefs .......................................................................... 102

Shifting perspectives ......................................................................... 103

Read all about it ................................................................................. 104

Getting back on track: The Act of Six Articles................................ 104

Putting religion into practice ........................................................... 105

Laying the foundation for the Royal Supremacy ........................... 105

Breaking with Rome .................................................................................... 106

BOOK: The Tudors for Dummies (AvaxHome Download)
10.95Mb size Format: txt, pdf, ePub
ads

Other books

Burnt by Bella Love-Wins
Friction by Joe Stretch
Wicked Charms by Janet Evanovich
Stardust by Neil Gaiman
His Uncle's Favorite by Lilian, Lory
Magic Moment by Adams, Angela
No Cherubs for Melanie by James Hawkins
Trust Me (Rough Love #3) by Annabel Joseph
Troubled Bones by Jeri Westerson